How Many Wives Did Solomon Have in the Bible?
Solomon had several wives – concubines, prohibited wives, and a marriage alliance with a Pharaoh’s daughter. These wives and concubines were gifts from foreign kings and influential people. These gifts were to help Solomon establish political alliances with other nations.
The Bible says that King Solomon had about seven hundred wives and concubines. Of these wives, at least 300 were foreign princesses. Among them were the daughter of the Pharaoh, who Solomon married in order to cement his political ties with Egypt. Other wives, such as Naamah the Ammonite, were married to the king out of love for him.
Solomon was a very aggressive foreign policy maker. He often married new women every time he sealed a treaty with another kingdom. Wives were important tokens of friendship between kings and sealed their relationship. Nevertheless, Solomon’s foreign policies were not pleasing to the Lord. In addition to being obsessed with wealth and power, Solomon also fell into apostasy, which is against God.
In 1 Kgs 11:1-8, the story of Solomon’s wives is based on historical evidence. However, the biblical passages do not explicitly mention whether Solomon had a foreign wife, and some versions of the story have foreign wives that were not Israelite. This is not a good sign because these women were foreigners who disrupted the Israelite society.
King Solomon had seven hundred wives and concubines. Many of them were foreigners, which was forbidden by God. Solomon broke the commandment in Deuteronomy 17:17 stating that he should not multiply his wives. Consequently, Solomon’s wives led him astray and he turned his back on GOD. He eventually lost his kingdom, a testament to his unfaithfulness to God.
Solomon cultivated trade relationships. His relationship with the Phoenician king Hiram I of Tyre was particularly profitable. Both kings exchanged goods, including gold, silver, and jewels. They also engaged in the luxury trade, importing sandalwood, ivory, and peacocks.
Solomon’s foreign policy was so aggressive that he married new wives every time a treaty was sealed. His wives were considered a token of friendship and were used to seal relationships between kings. However, he was not loyal to God and was constantly seeking power and wealth, which eventually led to his downfall.
Solomon’s first wife, Abishag, was drafted into the harem of David so that he could keep warm. Solomon married her by inheritance from his father, but she remained a virgin. Solomon may have gotten married to her for political reasons, which was understandable, given that he suspected that she was harboring Jeroboam. Solomon also married into other political powers in the region, such as Moab, Edom, Syria, and Ammon.
While there is no exact number of wives that Solomon had, there are a few historical records which indicate that he married seven hundred women and had three hundred concubines. One of these wives was a princess from Egypt who Solomon married to cement his political alliance with Egypt. The others were concubines, which means that they were not legally married. Because they were not married, the child they had together would not have the same inheritance rights as a son from a wife.
In the book of Nehemiah, we find the final verdict on Solomon’s leadership. God has judged Israel for disobeying his command. In the end, they were punished for their sins, leading to an apostasy of about four hundred or five hundred years. After this time, two of the southern kingdoms returned to Jerusalem and the temple under the leadership of Ezra.
In the Bible, we know that Solomon had many wives. However, we don’t know how many of these women were Israelites. Solomon took wives from neighboring nations such as the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, and Hittites. In addition to his wife from Egypt, Solomon also married several foreign women.
According to one source, Solomon had seven hundred wives, including three hundred concubines. He married foreign women to build up his political alliances. However, God had warned his people against intermarrying with foreign nations because it would lead them to worship false gods.
His forbidden wives
The first of Solomon’s wives is a daughter of the Egyptian pharaoh, which is a violation of the Torah. According to Scripture, Israelites were forbidden from marrying Egyptians. However, Scripture does not name this woman. In addition, no other record exists of this relationship. Solomon’s only other wife is an Ammonite woman named Naamah, who bore Solomon Rehoboam.
It is not clear why Solomon married foreign women. While some historians believe that his wife converted to the Egyptian gods, others have speculated that Solomon married other women for political reasons. Some suggest that he gave up on his Egyptian wife because she insulted the Pharaoh’s honor. It is likely that his actions angered the Pharaoh and his courtiers. The pharaoh’s daughter may have worshipped the true God.
Nevertheless, the tradition of Solomon’s forbidden wives dates back to ancient times. Various biblical passages mention foreign wives as wives of kings. Nehemiah 13:26 suggests that Solomon was upright before marrying foreign women, but later he violated God’s prohibitions by worshipping idols. Moreover, many of Solomon’s alliances with foreign nations were deemed treaties. This allowed him to extend the influence of his kingdom.
One of Solomon’s wives was a princess. This may explain why the Scriptures do not condemn polygamy, but the Bible says that marriage between a man and a woman should be monogamous. Solomon had seven hundred wives and three hundred concubines, all of whom were forbidden by God. Solomon’s polygamy was a violation of God’s Law, and his actions were punished.
Solomon’s first wife, Naamah, was not a good choice for the kingdom. She taught her son about the Ammonite gods and seduced Solomon into worshipping Molech. The Ammonites also were forbidden from entering the assembly of the Lord in the 10th generation. Moreover, Elgon, king of Moab, had power over the Israelites after the Israelites committed a sin against the LORD. As a result, Elgon attacked Israel and the Amalekites.
Solomon’s Egyptian wife, meanwhile, was a woman who had deviated from the Jewish faith and had been a pagan idol. Solomon believed that this made her unfit to dwell in the city where the Shekinah glory appeared. In order to prevent this, Solomon sent her to Gezer and built her a house in the City of David. However, Solomon ordered that she should not dwell in this house, because it is a place where the ark of the Lord dwells.
His marriage alliance with Pharaoh’s daughter
One of the most notable events of Solomon’s life was his marriage to the Pharaoh’s daughter. This marriage brought about the division of the Ten Tribes of Israel from Judah, but it also cemented a strong political alliance with Egypt. However, this marriage also resulted in an unprecedented and disgraceful apostasy.
King Solomon’s marriage alliance with the Pharaoh’s daughter was one of the few instances in which a foreign ruler married a daughter of a foreign country. However, the alliance may have been more than just a show of respect. The alliance may have been a hint of the king’s success after the defeat of the Israelites.
At the end of 1 Kings 2, Solomon begins consolidating his rule. The first objective of the king was to ensure internal security. Only after internal security was ensured did Solomon turn his attention to external security. To this end, he married the Pharaoh’s daughter and brought her to the City of David. He then began to build the Temple of YHWH, built the royal palace, and surrounded Jerusalem with a wall. Solomon also continued the god-honoring practices of his father David. He also offered sacrifices and burned incense at local shrines.
The Lord’s command for the kings of Israel is in Deuteronomy 17:16-17. This command was broken many times by Solomon, but he broke it more than David. Solomon’s marriage alliances with foreign women were not justified by religious principles. They were motivated by political reasons, and thus Solomon violated the command of the Lord.