Is Ramses Mentioned in the Bible?
You may have heard about Rameses, the Egyptian pharaoh who was the god of darkness and chaos. You may also have heard about his stele erected in late 13th century BC in Bet-Shan. His stele mentions two peoples that he conquered, the Israelites and the Hapiru.
Rameses was a god of chaos and darkness
Rameses was an important figure in ancient Egypt’s history. His greatness was founded on his reputation as a warrior. He led his army north to reclaim provinces lost to rebellious local dynasts. His first expedition subdued local dynasts in southern Syria. When he returned to his northern capital, he stopped by the river Al-Kalb to record his campaign. It is believed that Rameses wrote down a record of his expedition, which contains only his name and date.
In addition to history, Rameses is portrayed in fiction. Thomas Mann’s novel The Tables of the Law and Anne Rice’s novel Ancient Evenings feature Rameses. Also, the character is featured in the video game Civilization V. In addition to his literary work, Ramesses has also inspired movies and television shows.
The Egyptians believed that order and chaos should be in constant conflict. This is one of the reasons why they referred to Rameses as a god of chaos and darkness. They also considered Rameses as the son of Nephthys and the father of Anubis.
He was a pharaoh
Ramses, a pharaoh in the Bible, was born to a warrior father and was introduced to the army at an early age. He was appointed commander-in-chief at age 10 and fought his first battle at age fifteen. His first major campaign involved a battle with the Hittites in Syria.
Ramses was also associated with the biblical Book of Exodus, although there is no archaeological evidence to support this claim. However, this association has grown in popularity because of popular culture portrayals of the pharaoh as a nemesis to Moses. This was popularized in films such as The Ten Commandments, directed by Cecil B. DeMille, as well as the animated film Prince of Egypt, which tells the story from a more modern perspective.
Ramses was a descendant of Seti I, the pharaoh of ancient Egypt. He accompanied his father on military campaigns to Libya and Palestine and also led his own campaigns in Nubia, with his sons. Ramesses was then named co-ruler with his father and began massive restoration projects. He also built a new palace at Avaris. At the time, the Egyptians had a troubled relationship with the Hittites, who lived in modern Asia Minor.
He fought with the Hittites
The Battle of Kadesh, sometimes referred to as the first world war, was an important event in the ancient history of Egypt. It was one of the largest battles involving chariots. It took place in 1275 B.C.E., in present-day Syria, and involved the Egyptians under Ramses II and allied states. Their goal was to capture the Hittite-held city of Kadesh. But the Egyptian forces were caught off guard by 2,500 Hittite chariots. Their spies had lured the Egyptians into a trap.
He was a slave city
In the Bible, the name “Ramses” was mentioned in the book of Exodus. However, the Pharaoh mentioned in the early chapters of the book was dead by the time Moses and the Israelites left Egypt. It is unclear who Ramesses was and whether he was Israel’s first oppressor.
There is no evidence that Ramesses is the Pharaoh of the biblical Book of Exodus, and this association is largely cultural, not historical. The association became widespread after the success of Cecil B. DeMille’s film The Ten Commandments in 1956. More recently, the story has been retold in movies, including Prince of Egypt and Exodus: Gods and Kings.
Ramesses had several names, including his nomen (his regnal name), prenomen (his birth name), and nomen (his regnal name). These names have different meanings in different languages. In English, they translate as “powerful one of Ma’at” or “chosen of Ra.” The names are found in the Hittite copy of the Hattusilis peace treaty, where they are written as “Washmuaria Shatepnaria Maiamana.”