Mount Hermon in the Bible
Mount Hermon is located 60 miles north of the Sea of Galilee and lies on the modern borders of Israel, Syria, and Lebanon. It rises to an elevation of over 9,000 feet. By comparison, the Sea of Galilee sits approximately 700 feet below sea level. In addition, the top of Mount Hermon is more than 10,000 feet higher than the location where the picture was taken. The mountain is home to two cities, the Old Testament city of Dan and the New Testament city of Caesarea Philippi.
Transfiguration of Jesus
The Transfiguration of Jesus on Mount Hermon is a biblical event that is recorded in all four Synoptic Gospels. Although the mountain is never called by name, all four describe the event after Jesus and his disciples have arrived in the town of Caesarea Philippi. Peter refers to Mount Hermon as “the sacred mountain,” and it is clear that the mountain was associated with sanctity in ancient times. In addition, Jesus tells his disciples that with “a mustard seed of faith,” they can move a mountain. This applies even to the massive mountain Hermon.
Though many modern readers aren’t familiar with the story, the Transfiguration of Jesus on Mount Hermon was a memorable event for Jewish observers. The Old Testament describes the transfiguration of Jesus as a sign that the presence of God was returning to earth. The Transfiguration of Jesus on Mount Hermon occurred on Mount Hermon, and Jesus was “transfigured” into a glorious body.
Although some scholars think that the Transfiguration of Jesus on Mount Hermon took place in the Sinai Desert, the geographical description of Mount Hermon is not consistent with the Biblical description. However, according to New Testament scholar R. T. France, the Transfiguration of Jesus on Mount Hermon occurred on a high mountain near Caesarea Philippi. In fact, the highest temple in ancient times, Qasr Antar, was located on the mountain. It has a limestone inscription that refers to the “Holy God.”
The transfiguration of Jesus on Mount Tabor is another location for the event. Unlike Mount Hermon, Mount Tabor is about two thousand feet high, and is considered to be isolated. While it is not the highest mountain in the area, it is near the towns of Caesarea Philippi and Nazareth. As a result, early Christians began making pilgrimages to Mount Tabor. They even built monasteries on the mountain.
Land promised to Abraham
The promise of land is not limited to one place. Abraham walked the land from north to south and east to west. He built altars in Shechem, moved his tent to the Elonei Mamre, pursued kings to the land of Sodom, built altars in Bethel, and planted a tree in Beersheba. Two other covenants are not explicitly mentioned, but scholars have speculated that Mount Hermon is the location of the Covenant of the Parts.
Abraham’s land was beautiful, unique, and abundant. As a result, it proved to be a testing ground for his faith. Even today, the people of Israel are challenged by the question of how much to value the land promised to Abraham. They have to weigh the promise against the price of the land.
The story of Abraham is closely linked to Mount Hermon in Jewish and Islamic tradition. In the Bible, Abraham met the angel Melchizedek in the Valley of Shaveh, which is near Mount Hermon. Abraham’s son Absalom then built a pillar that serves as a tomb in King’s Valley, close to Jerusalem.
Mount Hermon marked the northern boundary of the Promised Land, and the mountain was mentioned in Deuteronomy 4:48, Joshua 11:17, and 1 Chronicles 5:23. Psalm 42:6 says that the Jordan River originates at Mount Hermon and flows southward to join the Sea of Galilee. The psalmist also compares unity with the dew of Hermon.
The land was also mentioned in the Book of Enoch. This mountain was a home to fallen angels. According to Genesis 6, the Nephilim were the descendents of the angels. The fallen angels had sworn mutual imprecations upon Mount Hermon. They were to take wives among the daughters of men and to share the punishment of sins.
The name Nephilim refers to the descendants of Sethites, godly men who married ungodly women and had children of their own. This would explain the various ancient religious views that came about after Babel and the existence of demi-gods. However, it is not clear exactly how these creatures came about. Some believe that they were fallen angels or even humans who had sinned against God.
The Book of Jasher mentions that the transgression of the Watchers and Nephilim extended beyond corrupting humankind. They also mixed animals of different species. This would explain why Mount Hermon was named after them. However, the mountain’s importance in the history of mankind did not stop after the flood of Noah. Later on, another group of fallen bene elohim set up shop on this mountain.
These fallen angels are often depicted as human beings with horns on their heads and the tail of a dragon or serpent. This suggests that they are part human and half dragon. The main goal of the fallen angels is to corrupt the pure bloodline of mankind.
While this association is not definitive, it is interesting to note that the bed Og had a thirteen-foot length. Not only is this an indication of Og’s height, but the length of Og’s bed is consistent with the dimensions of the ziggurat Entemenanki, an ancient Babylonian mountain temple prepared for gods to visit earth. Another connection between the Rephaim kings and the ziggurat Entemenankis is also found in this verse.
While the name Nephilim has no clear meaning in the Bible, it is related to the verb “to fall”. The King James Version translates this term as giants, despite the fact that the word does not appear in the Hebrew text. This translation is based on the Latin Vulgate, an early Latin translation by Jerome. But the biblical account of the “son of God” mating with women is not based on the text itself.
Book of Enoch
Mount Hermon is mentioned in the Book of Enoch, which is a work of biblical literature. According to this book, fallen angels, known as Grigori, descended upon the mountain, where they swore to take wives among the daughters of men. The book tells the story of the fall of these fallen angels, who were responsible for corrupting the genetics of the human race. During the flood, the descendants of the fallen angels taught their children sorcery and incantations.
Mount Hermon was also mentioned in the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh, one of the oldest known texts in the world. It is also mentioned in the Book of Enoch, which is not part of the standard Bible, but is found in the Pseudepigrapha. It is a work of ancient faith, and some Oriental Orthodox religions have adopted it.
The book contains many traditions about Adam. It is important to note that the story of Adam occupies a central place in 2 Enoch, but traditions about him are found throughout the entire book. God has predestined Adam to rule the earth, but Adam fails to live up to that expectation. The bulk of the Adamic material is found in the longer recension of the Book of Enoch, but the tradition is also attested in the shorter recension.
Moreover, the Book of Enoch also contains two textual units that pertain to the tradition of the Watchers. In chapter seven, the patriarch is welcomed to the second heaven, where he encounters a group of angelic prisoners, but the text does not identify these angels as Watchers. However, in chapter eighteen, Enoch meets another angelic gathering, this time in the fifth heaven.