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Who Is Chemosh in the Bible

    Who is Chemosh in the Bible?who is chemosh in the bible

    The name “Chemosh” is mentioned more than once in the bible. Chemosh is one of the principal gods of the Hebrew Bible. He is also known as Moloch, Ashtar-Chemosh, Mesha, and Ashtaroth. This article discusses their roles and functions.

    Moloch

    The Biblical character Moloch demands human and child sacrifices. Some scholars even believe that the Israelites once built a temple to honor Moloch. The Old Testament contains many controversial verses about Israel’s growing fondness for Moloch. Ultimately, though, the prophets spoke out against the practice of idolatry among the chosen people.

    The biblical character Moloch has many names. He has also been associated with the Mesopotamian deity Mlk, also known as Malik. The name Molk is also related to the Canaanites, though the two are not the same. In fact, the biblical term for Moloch is lammolekh, which means sacrifice.

    Moloch in the Bible is an example of the vile god Baal-Hammon. It was also known as the god of carthage in the ancient Near East. The Bible mentions Moloch as a child sacrificer, so he may have been a Canaanite deity.

    Ashtar-Chemosh

    The name Ashtar-Chemosh has many interpretations in the Bible. It may be the same god, or a different one entirely. However, both are deities that are mentioned in the Bible. The first is a form of goddess known as Ashtor, and the second is a hybrid divinity that uses some aspects of both names. Both were worshipped by the ancient Israelites, but their respective worshippers had very different purposes.

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    According to the Bible, Ashtar-Chemosh worshiped a mountain called Nebo. It was a place of worship for Yahweh and the spoils from Nebo included altar hearths. The Bible records that Mesha, the wife of Yahweh, dedicated Nebo to Ashtar-Chemosh. It is interesting to note that “devoted” is the same word as harem, which is a term used in the Old Testament for a city that was offered to God. Nebo was located just south of Mt. Nebo and northwest of Madaba.

    Ashtar-Chemosh may have been a god worshipped by both Ammonites and Israelites. The Israelites worshiped Chemosh during the time of King Solomon. According to scripture, both Gods were worshiped by the Israelites. King Solomon even dedicated an altar to Chemosh outside of Jerusalem in honor of his Moabite wife. Three hundred years later, King Josiah destroyed the shrine. Jeremiah prophesied that people worshipping Chemosh would suffer shame.

    Mesha

    The Bible reveals that the Hebrew god Chemosh was worshiped by the ancient Israelites. The name Chemosh is first found in the late third millennium BCE, in the texts of the city of Ebla in Syria, in the Ugarit texts around 13th century BCE, and in the Moabite Stone, where it is mentioned 10 times. The cult of Chemosh was important to the Moabites during the nineth century BCE, and it functions in many cultures throughout the Levant.

    Mesha is also referred to in the Bible as a ruler in Moab. While there is no evidence that Mesha was the one responsible for the invasion of Israel, the king’s inscription shows that he had strong religious, patriotic, and military feelings. The sacrifice of his son to Chemosh suggests his strong devotion to Yahweh. Despite this, the Bible also condemns human sacrifice and suggests that the Israelites should not sacrifice human beings.

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    The etymology of the name “Chemosh” is unclear, but the rendering indicates that Chemosh and Ammonite god Moloch were the same god. King Solomon even built a cult to Chemosh on the Mount of Olives, presumably to honor his Moabite wife.

    Ashtaroth

    Similarly to Baal, the god Chemosh demanded human sacrifice in order to gain his favor. The Moabites subsequently constructed a sanctuary to the god Chemosh. The ancient poem even refers to the Moabites as “people of Chemosh” or “children of Chemosh.”

    Ashtaroth was a popular goddess in biblical times, and was associated with sexuality, fertility, and war. She is believed to be related to the Mesopotamian cult of Ishtar, which in turn is derived from the Sumerian mother goddess Inanna. Her cult is condemned by the Hebrew Bible, but this practice was widespread in those ancient times. The Philistines even placed the battle armor of Saul in her temple.

    In addition to Ashtaroth and Moloch, both Ashtaroth and Chemosh are mentioned in the Bible. Both of these gods were worshipped in ancient Israel. King Solomon even built a high place for each god on the eastern wall of the city. But worshiping these gods was an abomination. According to Scripture, the worship of Ashtaroth and Chemosh included human sacrifices. As an example, a Moabite king who was facing defeat bowed down to his god in front of the city wall and offered his firstborn son to him.

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