Who is King Darius in the Bible?
Darius the Persian
The name Darius the Persian appears twice in the Bible. First, it appears in Nehemiah 12:12, where the Persian king is identified as Darius II. This may be the same as the Darius mentioned in Daniel. However, it’s also possible that the Persian king was Darius III, the last king of Persia, who was defeated by Alexander the Great.
Darius the Persian was a Persian king who ruled from 424 BC to 404 BC. His name is mentioned in the Bible only in one place, Nehemiah 12:22. This name is used to distinguish him from Darius the Mede, another Persian king.
Darius was the son of Hystaspes, the founder of the Perso-Arian dynasty. His father, Cyrus, had ruled for forty-eight years. Darius was not Cyrus’ immediate successor, but he did succeed him. His sons, Cambyses and Smerdis, reigned for two more years, B.C. 522-486. Both kings had the same foreign policy and religious policies. In addition to restoring the Temple to its previous glory, Darius the Persian was also the first to recognize the Jewish people.
The story of Darius the Great’s rise to power is controversial. In the Behistun inscription, a usurper named Gaumata cheated the Persians into a revolt, allowing Darius to claim his throne. He claimed that he had a family line back to the Achaemenes.
There is a good chance that Cyrus the Great and Darius the Persian were the same people. During Cyrus’ time, Cyrus the Great conquered the Israelites and Babylon. He had a dream of God, which he did not ignore. He then sent one of his commanders to watch over Darius in Persia. Darius didn’t harm Cyrus, but when Cambyses II took over the kingdom, he became the top lancer in Cambyses’ personal guard.
There are several ways that Darius the Persian was mentioned in the Bible. While the text is not completely clear, it does seem to confirm the Cyrus story. The name “Darius” is found several times in Daniel. The word ‘Darius’ means’received’ in some ancient languages.
Darius the Mede
In the Bible, Darius the Mede is mentioned three times, but his identity is disputed. Some scholars believe he is a fictional character, while others say he was a historical figure. The ancient historian Josephus says that he was the son of Astyages, king of the Medes. Darius the Mede was also known by other names, including Astyage.
In the Bible, Darius the Mede is mentioned as a king who conquered Babylon. The name is derived from the median and Persian languages. Darius the Mede is considered the predecessor of Cyrus the Persian, which later became the ruler of modern-day Iran.
The character of Darius the Mede has been debated for years. Archaeology and historical records outside of the Bible provide additional evidence of Darius the Mede’s existence. Although some people still refuse to accept the Bible as the wording of Darius the Mede is indistinguishable from other kings, historians believe it is a true account of Darius the Mede.
The son of Ahasuerus and the Medes, Darius succeeded Belshazzar’s kingdom at the age of 72. He ruled for just under a year after Cyrus’ conquest of Babylon. His name is mentioned thirty times in the Bible, but there are no other references to his role as king. However, he ruled the kingdom under the authority of Cyrus.
In addition to Daniel and Xenophon, there are other historical references to Cyaxares II. The Behistun inscription, for instance, traces the king’s rule in 522 BC. The inscription mentions Cyaxares as Cyaxares. This scribe is the same person who wrote the Behistun inscription, but his name is Cyaxares.
Despite the numerous references in the Bible, we cannot determine the exact date of his reign. Although Darius the Mede is mentioned in the Bible as the first king of the Medo-Persian Empire, historians disagree over the date of his conquest. Some scholars believe that the Bible does not mention the exact date of his conquest of Babylon.
During Darius the Mede’s reign, the prophet Daniel was given a high governmental position. Darius even considered making Daniel his prime minister. Nonetheless, other high officials planned to murder Daniel. The plot failed, however, and Daniel miraculously survived. In addition to Daniel, many conspirators were executed.
Darius the Great
The Bible contains several stories about Darius the Great. His name appears in the books of Daniel and Ezra, and in the story of the fall of Belshazzar. Daniel closely links the death of Belshazzar to the accession of Darius the Median, a king of Babylon who ruled from 538 to 536 BC.
Darius was a powerful ruler who brought about many changes in his realm. He introduced coinage and established a reliable postal system. He also improved the taxation system and introduced the first bank. His reign was over for three years, and he fought 19 wars against nine rivals.
Darius was the son of Hystaspes, a general in Cyrus’ court. After the death of his father, Cyrus II, Darius traveled to Egypt with his royal bodyguard and claimed to be a descendant of Achaemenes. He later ruled in Media, killing Bardiya (Smerdis).
Darius the Great established the Persian empire and expanded it from the Mediterranean to the Indus River. He created a system of government and brought wealth from all parts of the empire to his capital. He also erected a canal between the Nile and the Red Sea. He then declared himself a “Great King” and expanded his empire into the Indus Valley, Egypt, and Thrace. His efforts made the Persian empire the world’s largest empire.
There are some issues with Darius the Great in the Bible. While the name “Darius” is a modern translation of “Darius the Great,” the name is not a proper name for Darius the Mede. This monarch had a lot of historical issues, including a number of kingships, and his name is not always accurate.
Some scholars think that Darius the Persian might be the Darius of Nehemiah 12:12 (B.C. 422/23-334), the last Persian monarch, who was eventually conquered by Alexander the Great. Although he was a great ruler, he did not conquer the entire world.
Darius the Great also had to quell many rebellions throughout his kingdom. He also embarked on several military campaigns to expand his empire. In 519 BC, he attacked the Scythians east of the Caspian Sea and conquered the Indus Valley. In 513 BC, Darius crossed the Danube River into European Scythia. His troops then turned their attention to Athens. In the end, Athenians fought back against the Persians in the Marathon battle.
Darius the Median
The Bible does not explicitly mention Darius the Mede. However, the Greek historian Josephus wrote about him as a son of Astyarges the Mede, who was the maternal grandfather of Cyrus the Great. The Greek historian credited Darius the Mede with helping Cyrus overthrow Babylon. Among other things, Josephus’ work provides us with some valuable background on the story.
The Bible does not mention Darius the Median in the Bible, but the story of Cyrus the Great relates the story of how he conquered the Medes and married the daughter of Astyages. Cyrus later became king of Persia, and his wife, Amytis, was the mother of Cyrus II, the last Median king.
While the Bible does not mention Darius the Median, archaeology and historical records point to him as the final Median king. However, there are arguments against this view. Some scholars say Darius was a different person from Cyrus. Others claim that the two figures are the same person.
Besides the Bible, Darius the Mede also appears in extrabiblical literature. Some scholars believe that he was the ruler of the Persian city of Babylon during the Persian Empire. While he is not explicitly mentioned in the Bible, he is mentioned in the Nabonidus Chronical. Moreover, he died less than a month after Cyrus invaded Babylon.
Some scholars suggest that Darius the Mede was Astyages, the last Median king. However, this is not supported by other sources. In fact, Xenophon states that Astyages died before Cyrus’ conquests, and was succeeded by a son named Cyaxares.
Another interesting fact about Darius the Mede is his name. The name Ahasuerus appears in the Bible in connection with at least four people. But Darius the Mede was of Persian descent, and was the grandson of Ahasuerus. Thus, Darius the Mede was of Persian and Median royal lineage.
While these are all good points to support the view of Darius the Median, there are also some arguments that refute this. In fact, it is possible that both Darius the Mede and Cyaxares are the same person. Nevertheless, it is important to note that the Biblical texts do not explicitly say that Darius was the same person.