Who Was Micah in the Bible?
Micah was a minor prophet in the Hebrew Bible. He is the sixth of the twelve minor prophets. Micah was born in the village of Moresheth in Judah, and his name means “who is like Yahweh?” His life and words are recorded in the Book of Micah.
Micah’s message of hope and doom
Micah’s prophecies are both inspiring and ominous. They predict the destruction of Judah and the end of the Jewish people, but they also promise a bright future for the rest of mankind. The prophet uses both a narrative style and a musical style to convey his message. For example, he begins his dirge with an ironic introduction and then begins the main body with verses that play off names associated with doom. He also addresses the House of David as it goes into exile, the Daughter of Zion, and the cities of doom, which are all named for their destruction.
Micah is only mentioned once in the Old Testament, but twice in the New Testament. In the days of Jeremiah, the elders of Jerusalem quoted Micah to convince the people not to persecute the prophet. Jesus’s teachings often quoted Micah. In fact, Matthew quoted Micah 5:2 as a prophecy about the birthplace of the Messiah, and recorded Jesus’ quote of Micah 7:6 as a prophecy about the Messiah. Micah also borrowed from a variety of Old Testament books.
Micah’s message of hope and disaster is a warning against a destructive path toward God. While the Israelites failed to obey the Prophet, they followed the leadership of Omri and Ahab. Yet, despite all the gloom, hope never dies. God promises not to rejoice in the downfall of his people, nor will he let them join their enemies. The Israelites will once again be shepherded by Yahweh.
Micah’s book carries more prophecies about the Messiah than any other Old Testament prophetic book. The book also contains prophecies about the Davidic dynasty and Jerusalem. In addition, Micah referred to the Messiah as a king.
The prophet Micah describes a society that was corrupt and violent. He also makes a point about the priests and prophets, who sold their prophecies and cheated justice for bribes.
Micah’s message of repentance and restoration is filled with hope. Micah begins by declaring the goodness of God’s love toward repentant people. Micah then summarizes God’s requirements in a familiar refrain: “Act justly and walk humbly with God.”
“Be not conformed to this world,” says Micah. Worldliness is a stench to God. Some have already been stained by this world. Others have chosen the Lord, but have stopped climbing. Those who would have the best of both worlds must make a choice.
Micah’s worldliness is most evident in his hiring a traveling Levite to be his personal priest. Micah and his mother, despite their beliefs about God, thought they were right in God’s eyes. They believed that a Levite priest would bring prosperity to them.
Micah was born in a war-torn region, and yet he became the first prophet to foretell the destruction of Jerusalem. His words prompted the scribes and chief priests to tell Herod that the birth of Jesus was a fitting place for Christ. Micah saw Christ as human, and was able to identify with that humanity.
Micah’s ministry lasted through three kings in Judah: Jotham (742-735 BC), Ahaz (735-715 BC) and Hezekiah (715-687 BC. Micah came from a small town called Moresheth, southwest of Jerusalem. He had experienced the struggles and poverty that many of his people faced in the ancient world.
Micah was a prophet who sought to bring Judah back to God. However, he was also a persistent thorn in the side of God’s people. His stubbornness in preaching the Word of God weighed heavily on his worldliness. However, he refused to change his ways because he believed that God had allowed these sins to continue.
His prophecy of Jerusalem’s destruction
The prophet Micah lived around 150 years before the destruction of Jerusalem. He was from a town called Moreshet, which is near Jerusalem. Micah’s prophecy was aimed at the people of Judah and Israel. At the time, the Northern Kingdom had strayed far from the ways of G-d, and the city of Jerusalem was at the heart of idol worship.
Micah’s prophecy is straightforward in structure, but it contains many obscure passages that require divine illumination. The wretched estate of all Israel and the destruction of Bethlehem-Ephratah are the main themes of the prophecy.
Micah’s prophecy was written as a warning to the northern kingdom, which was defeated by Assyria in 722 BC. However, Micah’s message also was addressed to the people of the earth. The punishment God had inflicted upon Samaria was intended to serve as a lesson to all peoples. Micah’s prophecy also calls for the judgment of God on all of humankind.
Micah’s prophecy also hints at the restoration of Jerusalem. In the future, the walls of Jerusalem will be rebuilt and the children of Jerusalem will return from Assyria and other captivity. Jehovah’s remnant will then be gathered and regrouped by His omnipotent power. The remnant will then be the nucleus of a new nation in a land promised by the Almighty.
Micah’s prophecy was not fulfilled in Micah’s lifetime, but it was partially fulfilled in the days of Jeremiah. Micah’s prophecy still has an impact on the people of Israel today.
Micah uses a variety of rhetorical devices to convey his message. He uses imagery of a shepherd as a provider and deliverer. He also uses imagery of plants and animals: a lion among sheep, dew on the leaves of the fields, sowing and reaping, picking grapes and olives, and meat in a cooking pot.
Micah’s prophecy is a powerful statement of the prophetic religion. He calls for a moral attitude in worshipers. The people of the world need more than mere sacrifices and burnt offerings to worship their Creator.
His teachings after his death
Micah’s teachings were not only directed at Israel, but to the nations as well. He wanted them to learn about the sovereignty of God and the dealings of God with His Chosen People. He also wanted them to recognize that Israel was not as faithful as God had called her to be.
Micah’s ministry lasted from 722 B.C. until his death. His messages were directed toward the Judean kings, and the southern kingdom. This period of time was characterized by spiritual decadence for both kingdoms. In addition to prophecies about the judgment that was yet to come, Micah also offered hope to those who were faithful.
Micah’s teachings are remarkably similar to those of Isaiah, who lived and ministered in Jerusalem during the same period as Micah. It is likely that both prophets received the same message from God and were able to preach to different people. The phrase “in the latter days” (4:1), however, requires that these verses be interpreted within an eschatological timeframe.
Micah’s teachings were written during a time when many people were living in fear of a foreign force. The Assyrian empire, located in northern Iraq, maintained a standing army of professional soldiers that included citizens and units from conquered armies. As a result, these armed forces were notorious for their brutality and violence.
Micah also warned people not to plot evil at night. The next morning, the woe will announce the punishment for their sin. Moreover, those who have the most resources are most likely to commit evil plots. The Lord also promised to destroy Jerusalem and turn its inhabitants into objects of scorn by other nations.
Micah’s prophecy about a captivity in the homeland was confirmed in the wake of the destruction that the Assyrians brought upon the nation. The people of Judah were devastated by the conquest. The Prophets Isaiah and Micah had to evangelize these people to save the nation.